Squirrel Tails is a South-East Asian native that was born and bred in Thailand, with effects as exotic as its origin. This strain can be a little challenging for growers to cultivate away from the sub-tropical climate it is used to, but it can be done with a little added humidity and lots of heat.
Thai is a sativa variant that stems from Thailand and was eventually brought onto American soil in the 1970’s and the 1980’s. This landrace strain is often also referred to as “Thai Sticks” because of how this bud has been known to traditionally be dried while tied onto long sticks.
Thai is as pure as they come and is the epitome of a purebred sativa. This strain is a great way to enjoy a thorough and relaxing high without feeling slugging and bound to your couch. This sativa is strong, but still delivers a mostly balanced high, with your body feeling as alert and unwound as your body.
This sativa is popular among consumers who have a weakness for a high that is slightly psychedelic. It produces strong feelings of elation and will make you feel joyous and relieved from any residual stresses, leaving you open to new thoughts and fresher, more optimistic ideas.
Thai is a blissfully happy smoke that will have you jumping out of your seat for joy. Its bursts of energy are ideal for those who like to be active on their high, with a clear headedness and focus that not many strains can provide. You will want to be productive and creative when smoking this strain, making it perfect for artistic types.
Thai has a strong yet refreshing scent, that will serve as a reminder that this is a purebred strain after all. This sativa will make your mouth water in anticipation, as it contains a unique blend of earthy pine, with sweet and spicy fruits, with a distinct woody hint filling your nostrils.
Squirrel Tails tastes just as invigorating as its scent may suggest and is equally as seductive once you taste it. This sativa is known for its sweet and creamy smoke, with a strong sour pine to underline its flavors. On the exhale you will release a smoke that tastes herbal and citrus, leaving a tangy and sour taste on your lips.
Squirrel Tails is a very potent sativa variant, making it no surprise that you would encounter quite a few side effects with this strain. If you are prone to feeling slightly anxious when consuming cannabis, you are likely to feel quite anxious when smoking this strain.
Other side effects may include and dry mouth, coupled with dry and itchy eyes, as well as a persisting headache, most likely cause by the feeling of dehydration. In some cases, you may also feel dizzy when smoking Thai, but this is an adverse effect that usually passes quite quickly.
Squirrel Tails is one of the best land race strains especially, to be considered as a medicinal smoke. This pure sativa is very uplifting and energizing, making it an ideal strain to be used for a wake-and-bake session, and is therefore also recommended as the ultimate way to combat chronic fatigue.
Other medical benefits of this strain are that it is supremely useful in managing any kind of mood problems, especially depression. Thai works in a way that it allows you to think more clearly and feel lighter and less burdened by your day to day problems, making your day much more enjoyable.
Squirrel Tails is also useful in the fight to manage chronic stress, as this sativa is incredibly uplifting and relaxing, allowing the mind to be at ease. Other uses for this strain include relieving eye pressure, glaucoma and any other chronic or minor pain, such as cramps, spasms and migraines.
Thai string needs a more experienced grower, to thrive. This sativa is a high-quality top-notch strain that has garnered fans everywhere, and is worth cultivating, especially because this plant can yield above average, “one kilo” especially in a hot sub-tropical outdoor environment.
Thai grown indoors can be expected to take up to 11 weeks to flower and be ready for a harvest. This strain can be expected to yield an average of about 13 ounces of good bud per square meter planted.
Growing Thai string outdoors requires a hot and humid environment, where it should be ready for a harvest around the end of the month of October. This strain can yield an average of about one kilo per plant during harvest.
How much THC does Thai strain have?
From 22% to 24%
Top 50 Marijuana Strains
Thai Stick | Afghan Kush | Agent Orange | AK-47 | Alaskan Thunder Fuck | Amnesia Haze | Berry White | Blackberry Kush | Blue Cheese | Blue Dream | Blueberry | Bubba Kush | Cheese | Chemdawg | Cherry Pie | Chocolope | Death Star | Durban Poison | G13 | Girl Scout Cookies | God’s Gift | Golden Goat | Gorilla Glue #4 | Grape Ape | Green Crack | Harlequin | Headband |Hindu Kush | Jack Herer | LA Confidential | Lemon Haze | Lemon Kush | Mango Kush | Master Kush | Maui Wowie | Northern Lights | OG Kush | Pineapple Express | Platinum Girl Scout Cookies | Purple Kush | Purple Urkle | Skywalker | Skywalker OG | Sour Diesel | Strawberry Cough | Super Lemon Haze | Super Silver Haze | Tahoe OG Kush | Trainwreck | White Rhino | White Widow
Overview of how to grow marijuana
Growing marijuana can seem like a daunting task for those who do not have experience. The truth is it can be done by just about anyone. If a little time and effort are put into understanding how to do it, growing marijuana is easy! Let us take a beginner’s look at how to grow marijuana.
Before you do anything at all, you need to take a few steps in terms of research and decision making. This will make a world of difference when you start growing marijuana. Whether it’s the location of where you grow your marijuana, the kind of lights you use, the type of growing environment you should set up, or the type nutrients you should feed your plants, it’s crucial to make some big decisions before you spend any money at all.
Where should I grow marijuana?
This is the biggest and simultaneously the simplest choice you need to make right away: should you grow marijuana indoors or outdoors? There are pros and cons to each, of course, but in the end, it comes down to what makes the most sense for your lifestyle and personal preferences.
Growing marijuana indoors can have a lot of advantages. For one thing, it is more private, so it is not out in the open for anyone to stumble upon. It is not as expensive to set up as you might expect, and you can (and must) control every aspect of the environment your plants are living in. If you are the type to live and let live rather than thriving in the ability to control every detail, growing indoors may not be for you.
If you are specifically looking to save money, growing outdoors might be a better option. You will not need to purchase things such as lights (since the sun is all the light your plants will need), fans, containers for your plants or the medium they are growing in. Some more unexpected surprises can come up when you are growing marijuana outdoors. Whether it’s pests such as wildlife, insects, or other animals (including unwanted human visitors), privacy and security, or pollination from male plants elsewhere, growing outdoors can lead to plenty of hurdles.
What kind of grow light should I use?
You should use a grow light that makes the most sense for your indoor setup. Although buying a grow light is specifically for indoor settings, it is still equally important to think about the sun and the amount of sun exposure to your plants if they are growing outdoors. They need a minimum of eight hours of direct sunlight per day to grow the best and fastest. In general, more light leads to more (and bigger) buds at the end. For indoor growers, you will need to choose a specific type of light.
Growers use CFLs, LEDs, MH lamps, HPS lights, and more. CFLs are most used by beginners since they are so inexpensive. If this is your first time, it might be a good choice. LED lights are higher in power and higher in cost (significantly), but they require less electricity than MH or CPS. The latter cost less than LED upon purchase and incredibly powerful but require quite some more electricity. If you have a small grow setup, however, CFLs are likely the simplest choice for you. If you feel like splurging on the absolute best, go for a smaller MH/HPS grow light instead.
The type of growing medium you choose for your marijuana plants will determine exactly how you will need to care for them. There are a lot of options besides simple soil, so it is important to do your homework and find out the pros and cons of each before choosing one.
Most beginner growers start with soil anyway, since it is the easiest option out there for the inexperienced among us. If you want to try something besides soil, you can choose between perlite, coco coir, vermiculite, and more.
These are considered soilless mixes, which are a type of hydroponic growing, technically speaking. Hydroponics involves growing your marijuana plants directly in water, which can be a complicated system but a highly fruitful and rewarding one — it is said that the highest yields are achieved in hydroponics systems.
Of course, you can also go the organic growing route: composting your own soil. It takes more work but leads to great taste and yield results, plus it makes for an incredibly wise choice for the environmentally minded.
What nutrients should I feed my plants?
Unless you are using a type of soil that already includes a certain amount of nutrients, you are going to need to purchase nutrients in some form to feed to your plants. Marijuana plants need different ratios of nutrients depending on what phase of growth they are in. The main types of nutrients you need to worry about are nitrogen (N), potassium (K), and phosphorus (P).
The type of nutrient “food” you purchase also depends on the growing medium you decided to use. Hydroponics systems will need nutrients mixtures made specifically for hydroponic setups, for example. This will help to maximize the growth of your marijuana plants and will avoid causing your plants “nutrient burn.”
When it comes to living beings, it is not always about whether you eat, it is the quality of what you eat, combined with the ability to digest it. Marijuana plants are no exception. They rely on quality nutrients, either delivered through water or in the soil they grow in, but they also need to be able to digest them. A proper pH helps ensure your plants get the nutrients they need.
What is pH?
The pH scale measures the degree of acidity or alkalinity of a solution. It ranges from 0 to 14, with 7 being the neutral point. The scale is based on logarithms. This explains why minor changes in pH can cause major consequences. Those solutions that are below 7 are acidic, while those above it are alkali. A solution whose pH is 4 is about ten times the acidity of one with a pH of 5. However, a solution with a pH of 5 is a hundred times more acidic than one with a neutral pH. The ‘’p’’ in pH is the symbol for a negative logarithm, and the ‘’h’’ is for Hydrogen. Therefore, it is written with a lowercase p, and a capital H. “pH” is an acronym for the potential (p) of the existence of the hydrogen ion (H+) in water. A pH of 7.0 has an equal balance between hydrogen ions (H+) and hydroxyl ions (OH-). Acidic solutions are represented by a pH of 1 to 6.9. The HCL in your stomach, for example, has a pH of 2. Alkaline solutions have a pH of 7.1 up to 14, such as in the small intestine which has a pH of 9.
Acids produce more Hydrogen ions. For instance, Hydrogen Chloride (HCl) dissolves into Hydrogen positive (H+) and Chloride negative (Cl-) ions. Neutral produces an equal number of (H+) and (OH-); for example, water (H20) will dissolve into one Hydrogen positive (H+) and one Hydroxyl negative (OH-) ion. Alkali solutions will create more hydroxyl ions than hydrogen ions, as is the case with Sodium Hydroxide which produces one Sodium positive (Na +) and one Hydroxyl negative (OH-) ion. pH considers the concentration of Hydrogen ions, and because of this, we can calculate how much hydrogen is in a solution. In
Hydrochloric acid, the concentration of Hydrogen ions is 0.01 while in water it is 0.0000001. In the solution of Sodium Hydroxide, it is 0.00000000000001. The pH derives from counting the decimal places from the first number. For example, the decimal places in 0.01 are 2, so the pH of the Hydrogen Chloride will be 2. This means that water will have a pH equal to 7, whereas Sodium Hydroxide will be an alkali with a pH of 14.
The lower the pH is, the higher the concentration of Hydrogen ions in the solutions’ dissolvent – meaning it is acidic. The inverse is true as well – the higher the pH, the lower the concentration of Hydrogen ions (or perhaps there are no hydrogen ions at all). There are also neutral solutions like water whose pH equals 7. Such solutions are neither acidic nor alkali.
The effect of pH on Marijuana Plants
pH is relevant for many natural processes, but in plants, the measure of the acidity and alkalinity levels in water is essential to survival. All living things on earth need water to survive. Plants (just like humans) require water and are made up of about 2/3 water. There are different types of “water,” however, and pH helps us measure them. Understanding the kind of water that your plants receive is just as important as understanding the nutritional value of the foods we eat and how it will affect our bodies.
You can think of pH like the hotness or coldness of your food. If your food is too hot, then you will burn your tongue or get heartburn. If it is too cold, your teeth will hurt, and you will get a brain freeze. Finding the ideal pH balance is vital for marijuana plants to absorb their food and have good health. pH isn’t just about water, however, especially since water should be neutral. pH is highly relevant for nutrients as well since nutrients are delivered in water. In a non-soil medium, the solution pH of nutrients determines how well a marijuana plant can absorb them. To further complicate things, sometimes a marijuana plant’s uptake abilities can change.
During its life, a plant may experience conditions such as environmental changes or infestations that affect its ability to absorb certain nutrients. By monitoring pH levels, a grower can recognize problems and address them before a plant suffers. When growing in soil, pH provides a good measurement of the suitability of the soil and helps identify what needs to be done to prepare it for growing marijuana. It also reveals potential pH problems at the roots – which may have little to do with nutrients or the water it is receiving.
Ensuring correct pH levels for your marijuana grow
There are many ways to grow marijuana, and what you need to know about pH varies depending on your chosen methods. When looking to ensure the correct levels, you need to consider the pH at the roots, your water, and your nutrient solution. You should also remember that these numbers may not necessarily match.
Soil that has the proper level of pH and nutrients is more suited to growing healthy plants. It is an appropriate medium to use for beginners because it acts as a buffer and can mitigate most damage caused by mistakes. Slight problems with pH are not likely to damage your plant; however, big mistakes can be quite difficult to fix.
When preparing soil for growing marijuana, mix a sample of the soil with some distilled water and test its pH before planting.
Hydroponic systems function by feeding all the nutrients a plant needs through mediums that are rather inert compared to soil. This effectively reduces the buffer zone that soil provides. Cocos or rock-wool can offer a small buffer for pH problems because they have their own pH level. Of course, you can compensate for pH problems by adjusting the nutrient solution.
With aeroponics, there is no medium, which means there is no buffer. You won’t have to compensate for any medium so the nutrient solution must have the proper pH for your plant.
pH can impact how well your plants take in nutrients, but it is not the only variable that can influence this process. If it is chilly in your grow room, the leaves of your plant will not correctly evaporate moisture because of the low temperature. This evaporation is a crucial part of the vacuum cycle that draws nutrients up through the roots, and without it, your plant will not pull in all the nutrients available in the soil.
This problem can quickly compound if not checked. Improper temperatures can cause nutrients to accumulate in the soil, lowering the pH around the root system. This high acidity in the roots limits the intake functions of the root hairs, which further exacerbates the difficulty your plant will have absorbing nutrients.
Measuring PPM for marijuana soil is equally important
Just like temperature can impact the absorption of nutrients in plants, other factors work alongside pH to keep your plants functioning well. Plants use a process called “osmosis” to deliver nutrients through water, pulling them from the roots. Within the plant, nutrient levels are balanced with the water that is in the plant and the water that is around the roots. Nutrients are absorbed through the external water, and the plant discharges waste in the form of salts. Plants do not move, so they must be careful not to absorb their waste from the same water they absorb their nutrients. It is the same “don’t-shit-where-you-eat” logic that animals and humans live by.
To prevent this from happening, a grower can measure the number of minerals present in the solution they are providing and compare it to what is located around the roots. This is how you ensure plants are accessing the correct ratio of pure water and nutrient dense water, and not just the ‘dirty’ water sitting near their roots combined with more nutrient-dense water – leading to nutrient overload. Nutrient density is measured by electrical conductivity or total dissolved solids. When you measure the pH level of your environment, you are measuring the electrical charge, that is, the ratio of positive or negative ions present. In much the same way, you can also measure the electric conductance, which tells you about the number of minerals present in the solution.
The presence of these minerals is significant because plants need certain minerals to survive.
In soil, many of these minerals are present, but in hydroponic and aeroponic setups, they must be added using water. Water is an excellent conductor of electricity in part because of the minerals it contains. Even rainwater has some nutrients in it, but pure H2O will not efficiently conduct electricity. However, the more fertilizers, nutrients, or minerals are added to water, the better a conductor it becomes. In terms of pH, more ions result in better conductivity. Most tap water contains the necessary ions (H+ and Cl-) for conducting electricity.
Just as with the pH, your best bet for measuring electric conductance is an electronic device. Results are given as total dissolved solids (TDS), conductivity factor (CF), Electrical conductivity (EC) or parts per million of specific elements (PPM).
Plants require diets that are as diverse as diets for people. Some plants may need larger meals that offer more nutrients for growth. By contrast, other plants might be “drowned” by too many nutrients and would require smaller meals. Understanding the ideal TDS (and PPM) values for marijuana plants will help them thrive since they will be able to absorb nutrients better while also preventing nutrient burn.
If you are planning to grow in soil, you should start by measuring its pH. Although soil acts as a buffering system for the water and nutrients your plants have access to, mistakes can still impact your plant – they just won’t do so as quickly. So, you should always measure the pH of your soil, to ensure that it is not too acidic.
It is also a good idea to measure the PPM (parts per million) or TDS (total dissolved solids), although it is not as important as pH, because of the nature of soil. However, there is no danger in being extra cautious; so, investing in a TDS meter is still a wise choice. Even though soil tends to act as a buffer for pH and support proper TDS levels, it is still easy for nutrients to build up in it, causing a high TDS level and a low pH. If not checked, the TDS and pH at the root level could differ drastically from whatever values you have in the fertilizer solution you are feeding your plants. Obviously, this can cause trouble.
Even with the perfect nutrient, your plant’s environment can become unbalanced, that is why you need to measure pH and TDS of your soil regularly— every two weeks works well. Do not forget!
The process of checking pH is simple. You can either use an electronic or chemical method of testing. Electronic testing is accurate but tends to be significantly more expensive. If you have a large growing operation, you are probably going to want the electronic tester.
How to measure in eight steps:
- Mix a 1:1 ratio of your soil from around the roots with demineralized water (water with TDS 0 and pH 7)
- Let this mixture sit for 24 hours, occasionally stirring
- Filter it and measure the TDS and pH
- The devil’s in the details, so let us go deeper with the step-by-step process you can use to measure the acidity and total dissolved solids of your soils. First, you are going to want to gather everything you need:
- TDS and pH meter
- Demineralized water (water with TDS 0 and pH 7)
- 2 measuring containers (that can hold at least 6 ounces)
- 4 cloth or coffee filters
To start your test, remove 3 fluid ounces of soil from around the roots and mix it with 3 fluid ounces of demineralized water in one of your measuring containers. Let this mixture stand for 24 hours but continue to stir it occasionally. This way you will make sure all the nutrients dissolve entirely.
After everything in your solution has dissolved completely, pour it through a filter into the other measuring cup. Continue to repeat this process until you have a totally clear liquid. Now use your meter to determine the TDS and pH values of the soil your marijuana is growing in.
The Best pH, TDS, and EC values for marijuana plants
There are ideal pH, TDS, and EC values for growing the best marijuana plants. Once again, the pH scale ranges from 0-14, with zero being the most acidic (positively charged) and fourteen being the most basic/alkaline, (negatively charged). You will want the environment your marijuana plant is growing in to be stable at between 5-6, depending on the phase of growth it is going through and its growing medium.
Some nutrients are absorbed more fluidly at different pH levels. For instance, nitrogen (N) absorbs better at pH 6.0, while phosphorus (P) and potassium (K) are better at 6.25 and up. This may necessitate a change in pH values when you shift from vegetative state to flowering. Once the plant is fully grown you will need to start thinking about flowering and harvest time.
The best TDS values fall between 750 ppm and 1500 ppm, depending on the maturation of your plant and the number of nutrients it can absorb. You can go higher, but you risk overwhelming your plants with nutrients.
When grown aeroponically or hydroponically, the pH level requirement lowers a bit. Cannabis plants growing in these mediums absorb nutrients most efficiently if the pH value of the solution is at least 5.2 (ideally 5.5). If the pH changes too drastically from this level, your plant can experience a wide array of issues and may stop growing entirely.
EC and pH Values by Week
Some growers choose to measure electrical conductivity instead of total dissolved solids, especially when measuring the water at the roots. When your Cannabis plant is in its initial growth period, it should have an EC measuring 0.8-1.0; during flowering, the EC should be somewhere between 1.2-2.
If your EC levels rise too high in an active closed-circuit system, it probably means that your plants are absorbing too much water, and not absorbing the nutrients. You can lower EC by adding additional water. If EC levels drop too low, it probably means you need to add more nutrients.
When it comes to EC/PPM; It is critical to know that sometimes, less is more. Do not overwhelm your plants because you are impatient and want to see them get bigger overnight.
TDS vs. EC
The terms TDS and EC are both used to measure the electrical conductivity of a liquid, but for marijuana growers either method will work. In fact, many TDS meters will give results in both EC and PPM. However, most feeding charts (used when working with nutrients) will use PPM. If you have a device that delivers results in EC, you can convert it to PPM. You can also save yourself the headache and use a TDS meter.
Once you learn how to monitor your pH, you need to keep a careful eye on it, because it significantly impacts the overall health and productivity of your plant. Small shifts in pH levels are unavoidable and normal, but you do not want the fluctuations to be too large. If they are outside of the recommended levels, you do not want them to remain that way for too long. Incorrect pH levels will always negatively influence the health of your plant.
What do you do if you do not have the right levels? You make some adjustments! Maybe your pH is too low. The next time you give your plant water, use water with a pH value that is slightly higher than your current pH. This will raise the pH. The same method works for TDS levels. You can also use products designed to raise or lower pH such as pH down.
If you need to adjust the pH level, do not forget to return, and check it in about two weeks.
However, if you start to notice problems with the plant before that time, you should check the pH first, to see if an adjustment will fix it. In the end, ensuring a high-quality growing environment for your plants requires some work, but it is vital for a high-yielding, potent harvest. By learning how to measure and adjust the pH of your plants, you are significantly improving the chance of your plant’s success.